Research Findings - Mortality

Mortality in Kingston between 1850 and 1911 is another area of research being actively pursued by the Project, having developed a comprehensive database of all burials in Kingston after 1850 from local authority and parish burial records. Analysis of this data is allowing us to examine some of the factors - including spatial, social and household factors - that influenced mortality in Kingston before 1911. Initial findings indicate that:

  • Over the whole period, one-third of all burials were of children under 4 years of age and the majority of these were under the age of 1;
  • Levels of infant mortality - as indicated by burials - worsened during the last four decades of the 19th century before improving slightly during the first decade of the 20th century;
  • These infant burials peaked during the hot summer months of August and July. Three-quarters of all infant mortality occurred during the first six months after birth;
  • A number of areas of Kingston and a number of roads such as Asylum Road, Acre Road and Cambridge Road can be clearly identified as suffering from particularly high levels of infant mortality;
  • A mixture of interlocking factors such as diet, housing conditions, parents' occupations, and child-care practices can be identified as contributing to Kingston's relatively high levels of infant and child mortality.
  • Click here to see infant mortality by month
Photograph of Maple Road, Surbiton, 1880 Photograph of Vicarage Road, 1895 Photograph of late 19th Century Kingston streets